Genital herpes and genital warts are the two most common sexually transmitted diseases. Genital herpes is the most common cause of genital ulcers.
Most infections are asymptomatic and the disease is acquired most commonly from asymptomatic infected individuals. There are 8 known herpes viruses. They all have the unique characteristic of remaining in the body at some specific location for the remainder of the patient’s life. They can recur in the future especially at times of psychological or immunological stress.
Genital herpes is caused either by HSV-1 or HSV-2. HSV-1 is acquired most often by oral sexual exposure. HSV-1 in the genital area recurs less often than HSV-2.