Birthmark Complications of Hemangiomas of Infancy | Dermatology Education Birthmark Complications of Hemangiomas of Infancy Video
August 13, 2020

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Birthmark Complications of Hemangiomas of Infancy

Hemangiomas of infancy can be accompanied by complications.

Hemangiomas of infancy can form ulcerations. These ulcerations are extremely painful.

Ulcerations lead to permanent scarring and should be managed aggressively.

Hemangiomas of infancy can be found in other organs such as the liver, larynx, and lung and can be associated with hematological and respiratory difficulties.

Hemangiomas of infancy seen in the beard area are associated with laryngeal or sub-glottic hemangiomas.

Hemangiomas of infancy can cause deformity of the underlying nasal cartilage when they involve the nasal septum or nasal tip.

Large parotid or auricular hemangiomas can occlude the external ear canal, leading to transient conductive hearing loss. If the external ear canal is not patent within the first year of life, speech delay can occur.

Midline lumbosacral hemangiomas can be associated with underlying occult spinal dysraphism or tethered spinal cord.